Twenty years ago, the world was paralyzed by a pandemic that our societies had not known for more than a century.
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Given the gap between these two similar events, the preparation of our communities was more or less understandable. Even if, at the end of the immediate reaction to the crisis, many voices were heard to point out that we could have been better prepared, some even warning us in advance.
Today, as our world is increasingly facing major climatic events and various conflicts related to environmental issues, the question that many ask is the following: are we ready for another pandemic?
Have our societies indeed learned from their recent experience? Because, on a human scale, 20 years remains a not so distant time.
"Resilient communities are those that remember" says the expression... And to use John Dewey's phrase: "we don't learn from experience, we learn by reflecting on our experiences".
So, have we taken the time to reflect on this experience? What memories have we kept that will help us be better prepared next time?
Because there will be a next time. The risk is always there. For the simple reason that our interactions with the environment, and in particular with "preserved" areas, although reduced today, are still present in certain areas. Because certain governments have not learned.
Brazil still continues to deforest, wild animals trafficking continues, although slightly better controlled. And, beyond these persistent shortcomings, there is an unavoidable natural hazard which means that the risk of a new pandemic will never be zero.
The real question to ask is rather at the level of our attitudes.
At the end of the crisis, good habits of physical distancing were quickly forgotten for many. And most of us focused mainly on the economic recovery, because the invoices were waiting at the end of the month.
Fortunately, in some communities, public decision-makers have decided to work on young people and school programs have integrated a greater share of "collective hygiene" as it is called today: raising children's awareness of basic health rules to create the right mindset and necessary preventive actions.
But the "mask revolts" which broke out in certain communities (mainly under populist governance in 2020) to protest against the imposition of compulsory protection measures, created a strong resentment in certain sections of the population which generated a real rejection of possible protective measures in the future. Unfortunately, these "